Mediterranean Sea, 14th century

Mediterranean Sea, 14th century

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Mediterranean Sea, 14th century. North is at bottom. This portolan chart was produced in around 1320-1350, probably in Genoa, Italy. It ranges from the Balearic Islands (far right) to the Levantine coast (far left), and also covers the western part of the Black Sea (bottom left). Venice and Italy are at lower right, Greece at centre left, and the North African coast is across top. Portolan charts are nautical charts with harbours and coasts labelled (here in Latin). The lines on the map are rhumb lines, designed to make it easier to steer a straight course. This manuscript chart made on vellum is the oldest original map held at the Library of Congress.

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Keywords: 1300s, 1320, 1350, 14th century, artwork, balearic islands, black sea, cartographic, cartography, chart, europe, european, genoa, genoese, geographical, geography, greece, historical, history, illustration, italian, italy, levantine coast, map, mediaeval, medieval, mediterranean sea, middle ages, middle east, middle eastern, nautical, near east, north africa, ocean, portolan chart, rhumb lines, sea, turkey, venice

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