Canton Harbour, China. This view is of the harbour near Shameen Island, Canton, China. This island is now known as Shamian Island, and the city of Canton is now called Guangzhou. Photographed during the voyage of HMS Challenger (1872-1876). This scientific expedition, organised by the Royal Society, spent four years surveying the world's oceans. The ship was equipped with a dark room, enabling development of the photographs taken of the lands and peoples encountered. It is thought that this expedition was the first to include routine photography as well as an official artist.
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