David Hume (1711-1776). Historical artwork of the Scottish enlightenment philosopher, historian and economist David Hume. Hume opposed the rationalists such as Descartes in believing that human passions ruled reason. In his A Treatise of Human Nature he tried to create a naturalistic 'science of man' examining the psychological basis of human nature. He challenged the natural theological argument from design in his Dialogues concerning Natural Religion 1779. He is seen as a founding father of cognitive science and influenced (amongst others) Albert Einstein, Karl Popper, Charles Darwin, Immanuel Kant, Shopenhauer and Wittgenstein. Published in 'Lives of men of letters and science' by Henry Brougham, in 1846.
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