Muller Butterfly Tiger Mimicry Complex 1

Muller Butterfly Tiger Mimicry Complex 1

C011/0822 Rights Managed

Request low-res file

530 pixels on longest edge, unwatermarked

Request/Download high-res file

Uncompressed file size: 50.0MB

Downloadable file size: 3.4MB

Price image Pricing

Please login to use the price calculator


Caption: An old collection of butterflies in the famous "tiger complex". This is a group of around 200 species of mostly toxic South American species which share a similar pattern of orange, cream and black with cream coloured antennae. A bird which eats one of these group may generalise the unpleasant experience to all its members. Where butterflies share a pattern and are toxic, the mimicry is considered Mullerian (Muller 1879). Where non-toxic species mimic toxic species for defence it is considered to be Batesian mimicry (Bates 1862). The tiger complex contains examples of both types of mimicry, with Mullerian being considered the dominant. The principle butterfly groups involved are the Ithomiids and Danaids, with representatives from families including Heliconids, Riodinids, Papilionids, Nymphalids and Pierids. Mimicry also contains behavioural elements such as wing fanning and aggregation.

Release details: Model release not required. Property release not required.

Keywords: bates, batesian, butterfly, colouration, defence, ithomids, mimic, mimicry, muller, mullerian, neotropical, south american, tiger complex, toxic

Licence fees: A licence fee will be charged for any media (low or high resolution) used in your project.