1824 Buckland's Megalosaurus spine

1824 Buckland's Megalosaurus spine

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Credit: PAUL D STEWART/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: 1824 Plate of a portion of Megalosaurus' spine drawn by Mary Moreland, from William Buckland's first "Notice on the Megalosaurus or great Fossil Lizard of Stonesfield". Transactions of the Geological Society of London, series 2, vol 1: 390 -396. A big year in palaeontology seeing both Buckland's first scientific description of a dinosaur, Megalosaurus, and Conybeare's first validation of long necked Plesiosaurs and scientific reconstructions of Plesiosaurs and Ichthyosaurs. Mary Moreland would later become Buckland's wife. These were some of the very few bones with which Richard Owen would base his reconstruction of Megalosaurus for Waterhouse Hawkins' Crystal Palace reconstructions in 1854. He also used them to name the 'Dinosauria' noting the presence of five fused vertebrae which were fused to the spine and seemed characteristic of the group (ref Mantell's own spine).

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