1854 Agassiz human origins not shared

1854 Agassiz human origins not shared

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Credit: PAUL D STEWART/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Map to accompany Professor Agassiz opening sketch and tableau on "The provinces of the animal world and their relationship to the types of man". From Dr. Josiah C. Nott and George Gliddon's "Types of Mankind", Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co. (1854). Nott and Gliddon supported polygenism - that the races are unrelated. This map is intended to support Agassiz's contention that the different biogeographical faunas were created separately and each had their own species of primordially created man placed "by the will of the Creator" (page 1XXvi). This rather than all men being descended from one ancestor. He denied inter-fertility as a valid measure of a species, rather saying the only true species is a 'primordial organic form'. Agassiz later disagreed with Darwin's views on natural selection and evolution, as well as Darwin's views that all men were descended from the same ancestors.

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Keywords: african, agassiz, anthropology, artwork, biogeography, ethnology, eugenics, gliddon, human, illustration, monogenism, morton, negro, nott, origins, polygenism, race, racism, racist, scientific, slavery

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