Foucault's pendulum in the Pantheon

Foucault's pendulum in the Pantheon

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Credit: EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES/AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

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Caption: Foucault's pendulum in the Pantheon, Paris, France, historical artwork. This apparatus was first erected by the French physicist Leon Foucault (1819-1868) in 1851. The experiment demonstrated the rotation of the Earth. A pendulum, hanging from the Pantheon's ceiling, was allowed to swing free in any vertical plane. The plane in which the pendulum swings rotates with time due to the Earth's daily rotation. This was the first time the rotation of the Earth had been demonstrated without using astronomical observations. The original pendulum was moved in 1855, with a copy installed in the Pantheon since 1995.

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