Mercator map projection, diagram

Mercator map projection, diagram

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Caption: Mercator map projection. Diagram of an Earth globe (left) and a Mercator map projection (right) with the blue strip (from South America to Greenland) showing how the spherical surface is projected onto a cylindrical map. The arrows (blue) show how the polar regions are narrower on the globe, and wider on the map. This is one of the disadvantages of this projection, which distorts the polar regions compared to the equatorial regions. Greenland and Antarctica appear much larger on the map than on the globe. This standard projection is named for the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator who used it in 1569.

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Keywords: arrow, arrows, artwork, cartographic, cartography, cylinder, cylindrical, diagram, distorted, earth, equatorial, geographical, geography, geometric, geometry, globe, illustration, map, mapped, mapping, mathematical, mathematics, mercator projection, planet, polar distortion, projecting, projection, rectangle, rectangular, sphere, spherical

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