Phrenological bust by Lorenzo Niles Fowler (1811-1896). Bust displays 42 phrenological organs and their names on one side and their seven collective groupings on the other. Phrenology became popular in the Victorian era as a way of determining psychological traits based on measurements of the human skull. Long dismissed as a pseudoscience, phrenology also posited a connection between different areas of the brain and functions of the mind.
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