Copper, atomic structure

Copper, atomic structure

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This image is part of the sequence science and technology: simple electron configurations of the elements

Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Copper (Cu). Diagram of the nuclear composition and electron configuration of an atom of copper-63 (atomic number: 29), the most common isotope of this element. The nucleus consists of 29 protons (red) and 34 neutrons (blue). 29 electrons (green) bind to the nucleus, successively occupying available electron shells (rings). Copper is a transition metal in group 11, period 4, and the d-block of the periodic table. It has a melting point of 1084 degrees Celsius. The trends across the transition metals are due to electrons filling an inner d-subshell (here, within the 3rd ring), shielding the outer electrons from the increasing nuclear charge.

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