Old Summer Palace. Yuan Ming Yuan (Gardens of Perfect Brightness) imperial gardens, Beijing, China, known as the Old Summer Palace. This lakeside complex several kilometres north-east of the Imperial City, was founded in 1707 by the fourth Qing emperor. Following a diplomatic incident in the Second Opium War, it was destroyed, burnt and looted by British and French troops on 6 October 1860. The ruins are located to the east of the Yihe Yuan (Gardens of Nurtured Harmony) imperial gardens, known as the Summer Palace, which was also looted but survived.
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