Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MOTION

Caption: Fractional distillation of crude oil from the crude state to the finished products. The process depends on breaking down the oil in a process named catalytic cracking (at 500 degrees Celsius). The three main areas here are (left to right): catalyst regeneration; cracking tower; and the fractionating column. Air (blue) is supplied to regenerate the catalyst. Crude oil (grey) is pumped into the cracking tower. The product ends up in the fractionating column (right). Different components of the crude oil condense at different temperatures, and hence at different heights. The products (bottom to top) are: bitumens, waxes, fuel oil, diesel oil, kerosene, petrol and gas.

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Keywords: air, bitumens, catalysis, catalyst regeneration, catalytic cracking, chemical engineering, chemical plant, chemistry, components, condense, condensing, cracking tower, crude oil, diagram, diesel oil, digital rostrum, engineering, equipment, factory, fossil fuel, fraction, fractionating column, fractions, fuel oil, fuels, gas, gases, industrial, industry, kerosene, label, labelled, labels, liquid, manufacturing, oil, oil refinery, petrol, procedure, process, producing, production, refined, refining, schematic, separated, separating, technological, technology, tower, waxes

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Fractional distillation of crude oil

K003/6109 Rights Managed

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Duration: 00:01:00

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 25

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Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 2.0G

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Capture format: Digital Rostrum

Codec: JPEG

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