Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 BC-43 BC), Roman statesman, orator and writer. Cicero is best known for his philosophical writings, though his essays are a source of historical information on the end of the Roman Republic. Cicero was elected consul in 63 BC, dealing ruthlessly with an attempted coup in the Catiline Orations. Following exile he returned to politics. He witnessed Julius Caesar's rise to power and his assassination in 44 BC. In the ensuing power struggle Cicero was murdered. This bust is part of a series described by the Italian art historian Ennio Quirino Visconti (1751-1818). Artwork from an 1827 collection of Cicero's works.
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