Biorock reef restoration, Indonesia

Biorock reef restoration, Indonesia

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Credit: MATTHEW OLDFIELD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Biorock reef restoration. Sign declaring the Pemuteran Biorock Coral Restoration Area, Pemuteran, Bali, Indonesia, as a no-fishing zone. The Biorock process was developed by Thomas Goreau and Wolf Hilbertz in the 1970's. Electricity is used to promote the deposition of calcium carbonate on the surface of a structure giving hard corals a base to bond to. The process is thought to accelerate coral growth by up to four times - however, it has been suggested that simple wire meshes are just as effective. The resulting 'reef' of hard coral soon attracts other inhabitants and the process has been touted as a way to rehabilitate reefs in all tropical areas. Photographed in Pemuteran, Bali, Indonesia.

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Keywords: animal, animals, artificial reef, asia, asian, bali, bio rock, bio-rock, biological, biology, biorock, biorock coral restoration area, cnidarian, cnidarians, coral, corals, damage, damaged, degradation, degraded, ecological, ecology, electricity, electrolysis, environment, environmental science, equipment, fauna, frame, hard corals, indo-pacific, indonesia, indonesian, invertebrate, invertebrates, marine biology, mineral accretion, nature, no fishing, pemuteran, pollution, reef, rehabilitating, rehabilitation, repair, restoration, sea, sign, south-east asia, southeast asia, structure, technological, technology, under water, underwater, wildlife, zoological, zoology

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