Caption: Frameshift mutation, animation. This is a change in a DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) sequence caused by the addition or deletion of a single nucleotide. Prior to protein formation DNA (red) is transcribed into messenger RNA (ribonucleic acid, green). DNA and RNA are made up of a chain of many small molecules, known as nucleotides. During protein formation these nucleotides are read in groups of three called codons. Each codon corresponds to a specific amino acid (blue), which is used by the cell to build a complete protein. The normal process is shown in the top frame. In the lower frame a thymine nucleotide (T) is added. The code is now read differently, resulting in a considerable change in protein structure.

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Keywords: adenine, amino acid, amino acids, base, base pairing, base pairs, bases, biology, chemical bases, codon, cytosine, deoxyribonucleic acid, dna, frame-shift mutation, frameshift mutation, gene, genetic, genetics, guanine, isoleucine, labelled, labels, messenger rna, mrna, mutate, mutation, nucleic acid, nucleobase, nucleotide, nucleotides, polypeptide, polypeptide chain, protein, ribonucleic acid, rna, text, thymine, transcription, translation

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Frameshift mutation, animation

K003/7597 Rights Managed

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Duration: 00:01:00

Frame size: 1280x720

Frame rate: 50

Audio: No

Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 608.0M


Capture format: QuickTime Animation

Codec: H.264

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