Duchenne's physiognomy studies, 1860s

Duchenne's physiognomy studies, 1860s

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Credit: MIRIAM AND IRA D. WALLACH DIVISION OF ART, PRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS/NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Duchenne's physiognomy studies. Woman with a facial expression induced by electrical probes applied by French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne (1806-1875). Duchenne used the new technique of photography to record what he thought were idealised facial expressions that revealed the emotions of the soul. Here, the zygomaticus major muscle is being stimulated. Photograph from the 1876 edition of Duchenne's 'Mecanisme de la physionomie humaine' (The Mechanism of Human Physiognomy, 1862). This work was subtitled: 'The Electro-Physiological Analysis of the Expression of the Passions, Applicable to the Practice of the Plastic Arts'.

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