Duchenne's physiognomy studies, 1860s

Duchenne's physiognomy studies, 1860s

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Credit: MIRIAM AND IRA D. WALLACH DIVISION OF ART, PRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS/NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Duchenne's physiognomy studies. Man with a facial expression induced by electrical probes applied by French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne (1806-1875). Duchenne used the new technique of photography to record idealised facial expressions thought to reveal the emotions of the soul. Here, the frontalis and platysma muscles are stimulated, with a dropping of the lower jaw. Photograph from the 1876 edition of Duchenne's 'Mecanisme de la physionomie humaine' (The Mechanism of Human Physiognomy, 1862). This work was subtitled: 'The Electro-Physiological Analysis of the Expression of the Passions, Applicable to the Practice of the Plastic Arts'.

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