Duchenne's physiognomy studies, 1860s

Duchenne's physiognomy studies, 1860s

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This image is part of the feature The First Scientific Photographers

Credit: MIRIAM AND IRA D. WALLACH DIVISION OF ART, PRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS/NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Duchenne's physiognomy studies. Man with a facial expression induced by electrical probes applied by French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne (1806-1875). Duchenne used the new technique of photography to record idealised facial expressions thought to reveal the emotions of the soul. Here, the corrugator supercilii and platysma muscles are stimulated, and the mouth opened. Photograph from the 1876 edition of Duchenne's 'Mecanisme de la physionomie humaine' (The Mechanism of Human Physiognomy, 1862). This work was subtitled: 'The Electro-Physiological Analysis of the Expression of the Passions, Applicable to the Practice of the Plastic Arts'.

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