Hydrometers and Hygrometers

Hydrometers and Hygrometers

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Credit: DAVID PARKER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Plate from 18th century encyclopedia showing illustrations of hydrometers and hygrometers. A hydrometer is an instrument used to measure the specific gravity (or relative density) of liquids; that is, the ratio of the density of the liquid to the density of water. A hygrometer is an instrument used for measuring the moisture content in the environment. Humidity measurement instruments usually rely on measurements of some other quantity such as temperature, pressure, mass or a mechanical or electrical change in a substance as moisture is absorbed. By calibration and calculation, these measured quantities can lead to a measurement of humidity.

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Keywords: calculation, calibration, density, encyclopedia, gauge, gravity, humidity, hydrometer, hygrometer, illustration, instrument, liquid, measurment, moisture, pressure, specific gravity, temperature

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