Squaring the circle, 17th century

Squaring the circle, 17th century

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Credit: MIDDLE TEMPLE LIBRARY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Squaring the circle. 17th-century diagram showing geometrical calculations related to the problem known as 'squaring the circle'. Also known as 'quadrature of the circle', this problem involves the attempt to construct a square of the same area as a given circle using a finite number of manipulations. In 1882, it was shown that this task was impossible due to the transcendental nature of the number 'pi' (the ratio of a circle's circumference and its diameter). This diagram is from 'Quadratura circuli nova' (New quadrature of the circle, 1608) by Thomas Brugmann.

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Keywords: 1600s, 1608, 17th century, artwork, book, circle, circular, conundrum, diagram, geometrical, geometry, historical, history, illustration, impossible, manuscript, mathematical, mathematics, new quadrature of the circle, page, problem, publication, quadratura circuli nova, quadrature of the circle, renaissance, round, square, squaring, squaring the circle, theorem, thomas brugmann, transcendental

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