Curved spine, X-ray

Curved spine, X-ray

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Credit: PR JEAN-DENIS LAREDO, ISM/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Curved spine. X-ray of a patient with kyphosis (curvature of the spine) in the upper back, causing a hump. Kyphosis can be caused by a variety of spinal disorders, including cancer, fractures, osteoporosis, ankylosing spondylitis and osteochondritis. It can also be caused by a birth defect (congenital deformity) or through incorrect posture. Treatment for kyphosis may include physiotherapy, bracing and osteotomy (cutting and realigning bone). Severe cases may need surgery to insert a metal support in the spine to keep it in the correct position.

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Keywords: abnormal, adult, back, black-and-white, bone, collapse, collapsed, condition, curvature, curved, deformity, degeneration, degenerative, disease, disorder, dowager's hump, dowagers hump, healthcare, human, human body, hump, humpback, humped, hunchback, hunched, kyphosis, medical, medicine, monochrome, osteology, people, person, radiography, spinal, spine, thoracic spine, unhealthy, vertebra, vertebrae, x-ray, x-ray machine, xray

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