Phrenology measuring equipment, 1828

Phrenology measuring equipment, 1828

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Caption: Phrenology measuring equipment. 19th-century artwork of various equipment used by phrenologists. At bottom left is a pair of callipers. At bottom right is a craniometer invented by Robert Ellis and William Gray, and being used at centre. An inset at lower left shows the mechanism that keeps the upper part of the craniometer aligned correctly. Phrenology, popularised in the 19th century, is the now discredited study of the bumps on the human skull. The claim was that this revealed aspects of a person's character. This page is from the third edition (1828, first published 1824) of 'Elements of phrenology' by British phrenologist George Combe (1788-1858).

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