Etienne Montgolfier

Etienne Montgolfier

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Credit: SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Inventors and pioneers of the hot-air balloon, the two Montgolfier brothers, Joseph Michel (1740-1810) and Jacques Etienne (1745-99), constructed a 'globe aerostatique' in 1783 in which they successfully achieved lift by setting light to a cauldron of paper beneath the open base of a large-diameter bag. This hot-air balloon became known as a Mongolfiere, and, in a tethered balloon, Etienne made the first manned ascent. In October1783, the first free manned flight was made. The two passengers were Pilatre de Rozier and the Marquis d'Arlandes.

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Keywords: aerostat, balloon, brothers, etienne montgolfier, hot-air, inventor, jacques etienne, joseph michel, manned ascent, marquis d'arlandes, montgolfier, montgolfiere, pilatre de rozier, pioneer, portrait

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