Credit: FRANCIS LEROY & EDWIN VANDERMEEREN, BIOCOSMOS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Beta oxidation pathway, animation. This process takes place in the matrix of mitochondria (centre), the organelles that produce energy for a cell. The fatty acid acyl-CoA is degraded through four reactions. First is an oxidation reaction that gives enoyl-CoA. Hydration then forms hydroxyacyl-CoA, which undergoes oxidation to ketoacyl-CoA. The last step is the thiolysis (cleaving) to acyl-CoA. This pathway produces acetyl CoA, NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) and FADH2 (flavin adenine dinucleotide). Acetyl-CoA is fed into the citric acid cycle, which converts glucose to energy. NADH and FADH2 are fed into the electron transport chain, which produces ATP (adenosine triphosphate) the metabolic carrier of energy. For a version without labels see K004/0389.

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Keywords: acetyl-coa, acyl-coa, animated, animation, beta oxidation, biochemical, biochemistry, black background, catabolism, cellular, chemical formula, energy, fatty acid, metabolic pathway, metabolism, mitochondria, mitochondrion, process, text

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Beta oxidation pathway

K004/0302 Rights Managed

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Duration: 00:00:35.03

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 25

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Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 307.0M

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Capture format: QuickTime Animation

Codec: Animation

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