Medieval depiction of the Solar System

Medieval depiction of the Solar System

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Credit: Renaissance and medieval manuscripts collection/NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY/ SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Medieval depiction of the Solar System. 1230 extract from De sphaera mundi, by the Parisian astronomer and monk Johannes de Sacrobosco (circa 1195-1256), with a chart showing the solar system as concentric circles. De sphaera mundi is a short astronomy textbook that was widely read and influential in Europe as an introduction to astronomy. Sacrobosco is also known for writing a short introduction to the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, which became the most widely read introduction to the subject in the later mediaeval centuries. He also correctly described the defects of the then-used Julian calendar and recommended what was essentially the Gregorian calendar.

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Keywords: 1200s, 1230, 13th century, artwork, astronomical, astronomy, book, cosmos, de sphaera mundi, extract, french, geocentric, historical, history, history of science, illustration, ioannis, johannes de sacrobosco, latin, manuscript, mediaeval, medieval, monk, no-one, nobody, orbit, orbits, parisian, planet, planetary science, planets, ptolemaic, solar system, space, writing

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