Medieval depiction of the Solar System

Medieval depiction of the Solar System

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Credit: Renaissance and medieval manuscripts collection/NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY/ SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Medieval depiction of the Solar System. 1230 extract from De sphaera mundi, by the Parisian astronomer and monk Johannes de Sacrobosco (circa 1195-1256), with an artwork depicting the earth in the centre, surrounded by a tail-biting dog, the moon and its phases and the sun on its orbit, correlated to signs of the zodiac. De sphaera mundi is a short astronomy textbook that was widely read and influential in Europe as an introduction to astronomy. Sacrobosco is also known for writing a short introduction to the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, which became the most widely read introduction to the subject in the later mediaeval centuries. He also correctly described the defects of the then-used Julian calendar and recommended what was essentially the Gregorian.

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Keywords: 1200s, 1230, 13th century, artwork, astrological, astrology, astronomical, astronomy, book, cosmos, de sphaera mundi, extract, french, geocentric, historical, history, history of science, illustration, ioannis, johannes de sacrobosco, latin, lunar, manuscript, mediaeval, medieval, monk, moon sun, no-one, nobody, parisian, phase, phases, planet, planetary science, planets, ptolemaic, sign, signs, solar, solar system, space, writing, zodiac

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