Credit: RHYS LEWIS & MINH TAN PHAM, AHS, DECD, UNISA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Timelapse footage of waves of colour produced in an oscillating BZ chemical reaction. The colours here are due to the indicator chemical ferroin, which contains an iron ion surrounded by three phenanthroline ligands. Ferroin is red when the iron is iron (II), in its +2 oxidation state, and blue when it is oxidised to the +3 state, iron (III). The initial mixture contains ferroin with iron (II), bromate ions, and malonic acid. Through a series of complex reactions, bromate oxidises the iron (II) to iron (III), turning it blue. The malonic acid reduces the iron (III) back to iron (II), turning it red again. Hypobromous acid in the solution reacts with malonic acid to produce bromomalonic acid and bromate ions. The varying concentrations of these species lead to their diffusion into regions of relative scarcity, and this, combined with the varying equilibrium positions of the reaction in adjacent areas, produces the appearance of travelling waves. The reaction was discovered independently by Boris Belousov in the 1950s and Anatoly Zhabotinsky in 1961, and is named in their honour.

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BZ oscillating chemical reaction

K004/5236 Rights Managed

Downloadable master

Duration: 00:01:00

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 25

Audio: No

Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 1.3G

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Capture format: Sony FS700

Codec: Apple ProRes 422 HQ

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