Native American birch-bark map, 1841

Native American birch-bark map, 1841

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Credit: BRITISH LIBRARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Native American birch-bark map. 19th-century map drawn by Native Americans on bark from birch trees. The map would be attached to a tree to show their route to others following behind them. This map was found in May 1841 by Captain Bainbrigge of the Royal Engineers at the ridge between Ottawa and Lake Huron in what is now Canada. The copy of the map (bottom) shows the route as a dotted line along a river to the lake, with an encampment and a 2-person canoe (lower right). A note at lower left refers to the British Empire's United Service Institution, calls the Native Americans 'savages', and compares the skills in making this map to training in military sketching.

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