Planck and Cosmic Microwave Background

Planck and Cosmic Microwave Background

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Credit: ESA Planck Collaboration - D. Ducros/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

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Caption: Planck and Cosmic Microwave Background. Composite image of the ESA's (European Space Agency) Planck space telescope with an image of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), as observed by Planck, in the background. CMB is the relic radiation left over from the Big Bang. This image shows light from when the universe was only 380,000 years old. The CMB permeates the whole Universe in all directions. However, the temperature of the CMB radiation is not completely uniform. There are tiny variations, or fluctuations, which reveal the initial conditions of the Universe, the first seeds of the structures, such as galaxies, that we observe today. This map shows an asymmetry in this fluctuation and large cold areas (dark blue) that are not predicted by the

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