Trepanning, 1525

Trepanning, 1525

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Credit: NLM/Science Source/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Woodcut, 1525. Trephining. Two heads with drilling instruments applied to them. Trepanning is a surgical intervention in which a hole is drilled or scraped into the human skull, exposing the dura mater to treat health problems related to intracranial diseases. Cave paintings indicate that people believed the practice would cure epileptic seizures, migraines, mental disorders and the bone that was trepanned was kept as a charm to keep evil spirits away. Trepanation was also practiced in the classical and Renaissance periods. Hippocrates gave specific directions on the procedure from its evolution through the Greek age, and Galen also elaborates on the procedure. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, trepanation was practiced as a cure for various ailments, including seizures and skull fractures.

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Keywords: 1525, 16th century, art, artwork, black and white, cranial, cranial procedure, cranial surgery, cranial surgical procedure, cranium, drawing, drilling in head, drilling in skull, historic, historical, historical operation, historical surgery, history, hole in head, illustration, making burr hole, medical, monochrome, science, surgical intervention, treat intracranial diseases, trepan, trepanation, trepanning, trephaning, trephination, trephine, trephining, white background, woodblock, woodcut

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