Marco Polo, 14th-century Catalan Atlas. This image of the travels of Italian merchant Marco Polo (1254-1324) to China and back from 1271 to 1295, has been cropped from a page of the Catalan Atlas (1375). This 6-page atlas was produced on vellum by the Jewish cartographer Abraham Cresques. It was commissioned by the rulers of the Kingdom of Aragon (north-eastern Spain). Two pages are on cosmography, and four on geography. The pictures show biblical stories, rulers, cities, and mountains. The text is in Catalan. This gold leaf and hand-illuminated facsimile was produced in 1959 by Spanish scholars Joan Vernet and David Romano.
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