Osteoporosis of the spine. X-ray of a section through the thoraco-lumbar spine of a 75-year-old patient with osteoporosis that has caused compression fractures of the T11 vertebra. Osteoporosis is characterised by loss of bone density and deterioration of bone tissue that causes pain and immobility. It is most common in post-menopausal women. A diet rich in calcium and regular weight-bearing exercise can help prevent it.
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