Historical cosmologies, 17th century

Historical cosmologies, 17th century

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, Geography and Map Division/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Historical cosmologies. 17th-century diagrams of the three cosmological systems taught at the time, from left Ptolemaic, Copernican, and Tychonic. The centuries-old geocentric (Earth-centred) system of 2nd-century Greek astronomer Ptolemy would be replaced by the heliocentric (Sun-centred) 1543 model of Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543). Taught along side these was the geo-heliocentric 1570s model of Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) which attempted to combine aspects of both. The text is in French, with these diagrams from a 1669 work by French cartographer and geographer Nicolas de Fer (1646-1720).

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Keywords: 1500s, 1600s, 1669, 16th century, 17th century, 3, ancient greek, antiquity, artwork, astronomical, astronomy, black-and-white, book, classical, copernican system, cosmogony, cosmological, cosmology, danish, earth, european, french text, geo-heliocentric, geocentric, greek, heliocentric, historical, history, illustration, monochrome, nicolas de fer, nicolaus copernicus, no-one, nobody, orbits, page, planetary model, planets, polish, ptolemy, ptolomaic system, publication, solar system, space, sun, three, trio, tycho brahe, tychonic system, universe

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