Geber, Arab Polymath

Geber, Arab Polymath

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Caption: Abu Musa Jabir ibn Hayyan also known as Geber (721-815) was a prominent polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geologist, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician. Born and educated in Tus, located in Iran's Persian heartland of Khorasan, he later travelled to Kufa. Jabir is held to be the first practical alchemist. Jabir is mostly known for his contributions to chemistry. He emphasized systematic experimentation, and did much to free alchemy from superstition and turn it into a science. He is credited with the invention of many types of now-basic chemical laboratory equipment, and with the discovery and description of many now commonplace chemical substances and processes such as the hydrochloric and nitric acids, distillation, and crystallization that have become the foundation of today's chemistry and chemical engineering. His books strongly influenced the medieval European alchemists and justified.

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