Albumasar, Persian Astrologer Astronomer

Albumasar, Persian Astrologer Astronomer

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Credit: New York Public Library/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: From Albumasar's Introductorium in Astronomism. Venice, 1513. European learning changed when the Arabs entered Spain. Endowed with an insatiable curiosity concerning foreign learning, guided by an Oriental imagination, and filled with energy of people who had extended their boundaries from the Indus to the Pyrenees, the Arabs in their writings show a dynamism which sharply contrasts with the passive wisdom of their western counterparts. Albumasar himself was a ninth century Arabic astronomer whose analysis of the heavens resulted in the creation theory based on the alignment of the seven known planets. Abu Ma'shar, Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Balkhi (August 10, 787 -March 9, 886) was a Persian astrologer, astronomer, and Islamic philosopher, thought to be the greatest astrologer of the Abbasid court in Baghdad. He was not a major innovator and as an astrologer he was not intellectually rigorous. Nevertheless, he wrote a number of practical manuals on

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