Circles on Earth globe, 16th century

Circles on Earth globe, 16th century

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Caption: Circles on Earth globe. 16th-century diagram of the parallels (lines of latitude) and meridians (lines of longitude) on an Earth globe, showing the equinoctial circle (equator), the Arctic Circle, and the four wind gods: Septentrio, Favonius, Auster, and Subsolanus. This diagram is from 'Cosmographiae introductio' (1507), printed to accompany the globe and world map produced in 1507 by German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller (c.1470-1520). This 1507 map and booklet contained the first use of the name America to refer to the New World, proposed in honour of the supposed discoverer of the continent, Amerigo Vespucci. The text is in Latin.

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