Circles on Earth globe, 16th century

Circles on Earth globe, 16th century

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Circles on Earth globe. 16th-century diagram of the parallels (lines of latitude) and meridians (lines of longitude) on an Earth globe, showing the equinoctial circle (equator), the Arctic Circle, and the four wind gods: Septentrio, Favonius, Auster, and Subsolanus. This diagram is from 'Cosmographiae introductio' (1507), printed to accompany the globe and world map produced in 1507 by German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller (c.1470-1520). This 1507 map and booklet contained the first use of the name America to refer to the New World, proposed in honour of the supposed discoverer of the continent, Amerigo Vespucci. The text is in Latin.

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Keywords: 1500s, 1507, 16th century, age of discovery, america, americas, amerigo vespucci, arctic circle, artwork, auster, black-and-white, book, cartography, compass directions, cosmographiae introductio, diagram, discovery, earth, east, equinoctial circle, exploration, favonius, geographical, geography, globe, historical, history, illustration, latin, line, lines of latitude, lines of longitude, map, meridian, meridians, monochrome, no-one, nobody, north, page, parallel, parallels, planet, publication, roman gods, septentrio, south, subsolanus, text, waldseemueller, waldseemuller globe, waldseemuller map, west, wind gods

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