Mexico City and Cusco, 16th century

Mexico City and Cusco, 16th century

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, Geography and Map Division/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Mexico City and Cusco. 16th-century perspective views of the major cities of the Aztec and Inca empires, in the period after they were conquered by the Spanish. Mexico City-Tenochtitlan (left), the capital of the Aztec Empire, was built on an island in the centre of a lake in the Valley of Mexico. It was conquered by the Spanish (led by Cortes) in 1521. Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire, was conquered by the Spanish (led by Pizarro) in 1533. This is a 1612 edition of a map first published in volume 1 (1572) of the city atlas 'Civitates orbis terrarum'. This atlas was edited by Georg Braun (c.1540-1622) and largely engraved by Franz Hogenberg.

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Keywords: 1500s, 1572, 1600s, 1612, 16th century, 17th century, artwork, aztec empire, aztecs, capital, capitals, cartography, civitates orbis terrarum, conquistadors, cortes, cusco, cuzco, cvsco, empires, franz hogenberg, geographical, geography, georg braun, german, historical, history, illustration, imperial, inca empire, incan, incas, indigenous, latin, latin america, map, mayan, mesoamerica, mesoamerican, mexica, mexican, mexico, mexico city, new world, no-one, nobody, north america, north american, peru, peruvian, pizarro, pre-columbian, south america, south american, spanish conquest, tenochtitlan, valley of mexico

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