Chimpanzee (Blumenbach), 1776

Chimpanzee (Blumenbach), 1776

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Credit: PAUL D STEWART/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Chimpanzee. 18th-century illustration of a chimpanzee, shown here with an earlier taxonomic name of Simia troglodytes. The genus Simia had been created in 1758 by Carl Linnaeus. The chimpanzee was given the species name troglodytes in 1776 by German naturalist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752-1840), with an author abbreviation of 'Blumenb' shown here. Lorenz Oken moved the chimpanzee to the new genus Pan in 1816, and the genus name Simia has been suppressed. 'Troglodyte' means 'cave-dweller'. This copperplate engraving is from a volume of 'Die Saeugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen' (The mammals in accordance with illustrations of nature with descriptions) by German naturalist Johan von Schreber (1739-1810). This 64-volume work, often known as 'Schreber's Fantastic Beasts', was published between 1774 and 1804.

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Keywords: 1 animal, 1700s, 18th century, animal, anthropoid, ape, artwork, binomial name, biological, biology, blumenbach, chimpanzee, die saeugthiere in abbildungen nach der natur mit beschreibungen, early, fauna, genus, historical, history, hominid, hominin, illustration, johan von schreber, linnaeus, natural history, nature, no-one, nobody, oken, one, pan troglodytes, schreber's fantastic beasts, simia troglodites, simia troglodytes, single, species, suppressed, synonym, synonyms, taxonomic, taxonomy, wildlife, zoological, zoology

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