Camel, 'Hortus Sanitatis' (1491). Woodblock illustration of a camel from Ortus (Hortus) Sanitatis, translated from the Latin as 'Garden of Health'. This is the first printed illustration of a camel. The Hortus was the first printed natural history encyclopaedia and was published by Jacob Meydenbach in Mainz, Germany in 1491. He describes plants and animals (both real and mythical) together with minerals and various trades, with their medicinal value and method of preparation.
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