High Elms, the now destroyed home of Sir John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury (30 April 1834 â 28 May 1913). A wealthy neighbour and friend of Charles Darwin. Young John Lubbock was encouraged as a child by Darwin to pursue natural history and science. Family obligations lead him into banking, but his Victorian ideals as a polymath also lead him to become a Liberal politician, philanthropist, scientist and instrumental force in palaeolithic archaeology (as well as in the preservation of Britain's ancient monuments). He is not often remembered today, but his creation of the Bank Holiday, protection of Avebury and Stone Henge and his origination of the terms 'Palaeolithic' and 'Neolithic' to define major periods of early prehistory are. Indeed he is often seen as the father of palaeolithic archaeology. His own exact studies of ants, bees and wasps held more personal fascination.
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