Greater crucifix beetle, 1806

Greater crucifix beetle, 1806

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Caption: Greater crucifix beetle (Panagaeus cruxmajor). This rare European ground beetle was a prize for any 19th-century collector. In a letter to his old friend Leonard Jenyns (17 Oct 1846) Darwin recounted an incident as an undergraduate at Cambridge University where he saw 'the sacred Panagaeus crux major'. Having collected a carabid beetle in each hand already he was forced to free a hand by placing one of the beetles between his teeth. Unfortunately the beetle was able to squirt a highly acrid fluid, and in spitting it out he lost all three. This illustration is from Donovan's 'Natural History of British Insects' (from a volume circa 1806).

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Keywords: 1 beetle, 1800s, 1806, 19th century, animal, beetle, biological, biology, carabid, carabus, charles darwin, colour, donovan, entomological, entomology, fauna, historical, history, illustration, insect, natural history, natural history of british insects, nature, no-one, nobody, one, rare, single, specimen, wildlife, zoological, zoology

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