Aztec calendar divisions with the Moon

Aztec calendar divisions with the Moon

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Aztec calendar divisions with the Moon. 18th-century illustration of the division of an Aztec year ('xiuhpohualli') into 18 equal non-lunar periods of 20 days called veintena. Anti-clockwise from top: Atlcahualo, Tlacaxipehualiztli, Tozoztontli, Huey Tozoztli, Toxcatl, Etzalcualiztli, Tecuilhuitontli, Huey Tecuilhuitl, Miccailhuitontli, Huey Miccailhuitontli, Ochpaniztli, Teotleco, Tepeilhuitl, Quecholli, Panquetzaliztli, Atemoztli, Tititl, Izcalli. An extra 5-day nemontemi period made 365 days in total. This illustration is from a 1790 work by Mexican astronomer Antonio de Leon y Gama (1735-1802) describing the discovery of an Aztec calendar stone in Mexico City that year.

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Keywords: 1500s, 16th century, 1700s, 1790, 18th century, annual cycle, antonio de leon y gama, artwork, astrology, astronomical, astronomy, atemoztli, atlcahualo, aztec calendar, aztec calendar stone, aztecs, book, calendar, calendrical, chronological, chronology, chronometry, cycle, descripcion historica y cronologica, etzalcualiztli, glyph, glyphs, historical, history, huey miccailhuitontli, huey tecuilhuitl, huey tozoztli, illustration, izcalli, lunar, mesoamerica, mesoamerican, mexica, miccailhuitontli, month, months, moon, no-one, nobody, ochpaniztli, page, panquetzaliztli, period, pictogram, pictorial, publication, quecholli, religion, tecuilhuitontli, teotleco, tepeilhuitl, time keeping, tititl, tlacaxipehualiztli, toxcatl, tozoztontli, veintena, veintenas, xiuhpohualli, year

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