Aztec month Panquetzaliztli, 16th century

Aztec month Panquetzaliztli, 16th century

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Aztec month Panquetzaliztli, 16th century. Illustration representing the month of Panquetzaliztli (Banner Raising). Aztec months (non-lunar) lasted 20 days (letters down centre). An old man wearing a necklace raises a banner. This month corresponds most closely to the Gregorian month of December, marked by the Capricorn and moon symbol. The month was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war. The Aztecs ruled in central Mexico from 1428 until their defeat by Spanish conquistadors in 1521. Artwork from a 19th-century copy of a 16th-century post-conquest history of the Aztecs by Jesuit missionary Juan de Tovar.

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