This clip is part of the sequence science and technology: protein structure levels

Credit: RHYS LEWIS/JON BAUGH/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Peptide bond formation. Animation of the bonds forming in a peptide chain during protein synthesis. Peptide chains are formed from chemical groups called amino acids. The atoms are colour-coded here: carbon (grey), hydrogen (white), oxygen (red) and nitrogen (blue). The start of the animation shows two amino acids, alanine (left) and glycine (right). The animation shows a peptide bond forming by a reaction between the carboxyl (COOH) group of glycine and the amine group (NH2) of alanine. A molecule of water (H2O) is produced in what is called a condensation reaction (or a dehydration reaction), forming a dipeptide bond. The animation then shows a further two amino acids being added to the peptide chain, cysteine (left) and asparagine (right). The cysteine molecule includes a sulphur atom (yellow). The final stage of the animation shows the protein (peptide) chain being extended further. This is the primary structure of a protein. For a sequence of clips showing the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary protein structures, see clips K005/6273, K005/6274, K005/6278 and K005/6276. For the entire sequence with text labels, see clip K005/6277.

Release details: Model release not required. Property release not required.

Keywords: alanine, amino acid, amino acids, animated, animation, artwork, asparagine, biochemical, biochemistry, bond formation, bonds, chains, chemical, chemistry, condensation, cut out, cut outs, cut-out, cut-outs, cutout, cutouts, cysteine, dehydration, dipeptide, forming, glycine, graphic, illustration, macromolecule, molecular, molecule, molecules, no-one, nobody, peptide chain, polypeptide, primary structure, protein, proteins, proteomics, reacting, reaction, sequence, series, structural, structure, white background

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Peptide bond formation, animation

K005/6273 Rights Managed

Downloadable master

Duration: 00:00:30.01

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 24

Audio: No

Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 107.3M

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Capture format: QuickTime Animation

Codec: Apple ProRes 4444

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