Caption: History of planetary systems. Montage of images relating to historical planetary systems, starting with an image of Aristotle, Ptolemy, and Copernicus and then showing various illustrations of geocentric and heliocentric systems. The portrait is from Galileo's 'Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems' (1632). Aristotle (384 BC-322 BC) was a Greek philosopher known as the founder of logic. He had a geocentric view of the heavens that consisted of 55 concentric and crystalline spheres. Ptolemy (c.85-165 AD) was an Egyptian astronomer who devised the Ptolemaic system, which held that the Earth was at the centre of the universe, with the planets revolving around it. This view dominated astronomical thinking until it was unseated by Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) and his heliocentric system in the 16th century.

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History of planetary systems

K005/3476 Rights Managed

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Duration: 00:00:30.1

Frame size: 1920x1080

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Capture format: Digital Rostrum

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