Sequence of six maps of Europe. First, showing the borders of the Western Roman Empire, which reached its greatest extent around 400 CE. A Western Roman Empire existed intermittently in several periods between the 3rd and 5th centuries (285 - 476 CE). Second, showing territorial borders existing in the 5th century, after the Western Roman Empire had effectively collapsed. By 476 CE, when Odoacer deposed the Emperor Romulus, the Western Roman Empire wielded negligible military, political, or financial power and had no effective control over the scattered Western domains that could still be described as Roman. Third, showing territorial borders existing in the 9th century, under the reign of Charlemagne. Charlemagne (748-814) was the King of the Franks from 768, the King of Italy from 774, and from 800 the first emperor in western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state he founded is called the Carolingian Empire. Fourth, showing territorial borders existing in the 11th century, specifically in 1074. The Treaty of Gerstungen was concluded on 2 February 1074 in Gerstungen Castle on the River Werra in what is now Germany. It required King Henry IV to restore the Duke Otto of Northeim to the Duchy of Bavaria. In 1073 the latter had successfully headed the rebellion of the Saxons. Fifth, showing territorial borders existing in the 14th century, specifically 1300. Map published in 1831. Sixth, showing territorial borders existing in the 15th century, specifically 1453. The Fall of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, to the invading army of the Ottoman Empire occurred on 29 May, 1453. Maps published in 1831.
Model release not required. Property release not required.