Credit: M. TURBET/I. RIBAS/EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

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Caption: Surface temperature on Proxima b, animated simulation. Proxima Centauri is the closest star to the Sun. Proxima b is its orbiting rocky planet, discovered in 2016. This simulation of the planet's surface temperatures is based on the hypothesis that it has an Earth-like atmosphere and is covered by an ocean (dashed line indicates the boundary between surface liquid and ice). Here the planet is in synchronous rotation (rotating once during each orbit of its star), and is seen during one full orbit. An alternative model is that it is trapped in a so-called 3:2 resonance (rotating 3 times every 2 orbits). Simulation by Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique's Planetary Global Climate Model.

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Keywords: 10 seconds or greater, animated, animation, astronomical, astronomy, astrophysical, astrophysics, b, climate, exoplanet, extrasolar, extrasolar planet, heated, hot, hot spot, ice, laboratoire de meteorologie dynamique, liquid, modelling, no-one, nobody, numerical, ocean, orbit, orbiting, planet, planetary global climate model, planetary science, planets, proxima, proxima b, proxima centauri, red dwarf, rocky planet, rotating, rotation, simulated, simulation, space, space observation, star, star system, surface temperature, synchronous rotation, temperature, terrestrial planet, tidally locked

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Surface temperature on Proxima b

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Duration: 00:00:17.06

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 25

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Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 138.0M

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Codec: H.264

Interlaced: Yes

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