Flower bud in a cauliflower head, SEM

Flower bud in a cauliflower head, SEM

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Caption: Floret (flower bud) meristem of a cauliflower head (Brassica oleracea botrytis), coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM). Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae (Cabbage family). It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Cauliflower and broccoli are the same species and have very similar structures, though cauliflower replaces the green flower buds with white inflorescence meristem. It has several phytochemicals which are beneficial to human health. Sulforaphane is an anti-cancer compound released when cauliflower is chopped or chewed. A high intake of cauliflower has been found to reduce the risk of aggressive prostate cancer. The arrangement of florets around the head is according to a Fibonacci series, a number series in which each number is the sum of the two preceding it. Magnification: x60 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres.

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Keywords: 28318c, 28318d, apical meristem, apical meristems, brassica oleracea, brassica oleracea botrytis, brassicaceae, brassicales, broccoli family, bud meristem, cabbage family, cauliflower, cauliflower family, cauliflower floret, cauliflower florets, cauliflower flower bud, cauliflower flower buds, cauliflower head, colored, coloured, dietary fibre, edible food, edible foods, false-colored, false-coloured, fibonacci series, fibre, floret, florets, folate, folic acid, food, foods, foodstuff, footstuffs, glucosinolate, glucosinolates, indole-3-carbinol, inflorescence, inflorescence meristem, inflorescences, inflorescences meristem, low fat food, meristem, meristems, phytochemical, phytochemicals, plant meristem, plant meristems, scanning electron micrograph, sem, soluble fibre, sulforaphane, tumour prevention, vegetable, vegetables, vitamin b9, vitamin c, white curd

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