Criminology graph, 19th century

Criminology graph, 19th century

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Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Criminology graph. 19th-century bar graph showing the distribution by weight (left) and height (right) of 400 non-criminals (black) and 134 criminals (white). The survey was conducted in the 19th century in Bonn, Germany. This is an example of early attempts to apply the scientific method to the study of crime and criminals. This graph is from 'L'Homme Criminel', a French edition of 'L'Uomo Delinquente' (1876) by Italian criminologist and physician Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909). Considered the father of criminology, his work was based on phrenology, anthropology, and evolutionary theory (atavism). His now-discredited theory (also rejected by many at the time) was that criminality was inherited and that criminals could be identified by physical traits.

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Keywords: 1800s, 1876, 19th century, anthropological, artwork, black-and-white, book, cesare lombroso, comparing, comparison, crime, criminal anthropology, criminal man, criminals, criminology, data, european, french, german, germany, graph, height, historical, history, illustration, inherited criminality, italian, l'homme criminel, l'uomo delinquente, monochrome, page, publication, scientific method, statistics, weight

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