Skulls of criminals, 19th century

Skulls of criminals, 19th century

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Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Skulls of criminals. 19th-century illustration of the skulls of six criminals: Tavecchio (36-year-old thief from Voghera), Arnioni (23-year-old Sicilian brigand), Gatti (24-year-old arsonist), Villella (72-year-old Calabrian thief), Chiesi (30-year-old murderer from Pavia), and Macchi (34-year-old thief from Milan). This illustration is from 'L'Homme Criminel', a French edition of 'L'Uomo Delinquente' (1876) by Italian criminologist and physician Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909). Considered the father of criminology, his work was based on physiognomy, anthropology, and evolutionary theory (atavism). His now-discredited theory (also rejected by many at the time) was that criminality was inherited and that criminals could be identified by physical traits such as skull shape.

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Keywords: 1800s, 1876, 19th century, anthropological, arnioni, arsonist, artwork, black-and-white, book, brigand, cesare lombroso, chiesi, cranium, crime, criminal anthropology, criminal man, criminals, criminology, european, french, gatti, historical, history, illustration, inherited criminality, italian, italy, l'homme criminel, l'uomo delinquente, macchi, monochrome, murderer, page, phrenology, physiognomy, publication, skull, skulls, tavecchio, theory, thief, villella

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